Artifacts

Brown Beaded Moccasins
ITEM: No Provenance 19_2
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These beautifully embroidered moccasins are decorated with beads acquired through trade. The floral motifs are of French origin rather than uniquely Native American. The influence of floral designs first emerged from contact with the French in Eastern Canada and eventually spread Westward, particularly to the Plains area. —- Soft sole, native hide (brain-tanned) moccasins, this shade of brown is obtained... read more

Charms
ITEM: No Provenance 03 and 04
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A pair of hunting charms in the form of a seal. These charms were worn to honour animals and were part of rituals that sought the co-operation of animal spirits. For native tribes of the North, hunting animals such as seals was a spiritual and harmonious practise. Once caught, every part was utilised in order to show respect. A common... read more

Club
ITEM: 732
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Clubs were used to kill salmon when hunting. The club is decorated with spots of fish skin showing respect for the fish that gave their life to feed humans. The first salmon season was especially treated with great respect, it was a tradition that all salmon bones would be thrown back to the water to ensure that salmon multiplied and... read more

Embroidered Shoes
ITEM: No Provenance 21
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This pair of embroidered moccasins are decorated with a floral bead design on green fabric. —- Fully beaded, soft sole moccasin slippers, were most likely made by the Subarctic, Canadian Rocky Athapascans the Sekani. Information with thanks to Frank Kodras

Floral Cream Moccasins
ITEM: No Provenance 2
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The raised, shaded beadwork, the roping effect around the vamp and the cuffs on this pair of puckered, soft sole moccasins is typical of the Iroquois, Tascarora. These were most likely made in the late 19th century for non-native use, as a souvenir art. However the light colour ground for the beadwork is unusual, generally a black or red cloth... read more

Gourd
ITEM: 731
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Gourd shaped container made from willow, tree pitch/gum, horsehair, sinew and ochre, all twined together. Covered with brown reddish paint or resinous substance to hold liquid/make waterproof. Wooden stopper covered with leather. It is speculated that the two small loop handles contain human hair and are covered with strips of grass. Containers such as these were carried by women by... read more