Artifacts

Arrow (shot at Brenchley)
ITEM: 114 F
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AGE:
TRIBE: ,
DESCRIPTION:

This arrow, broken in two, has a diamond shaped tip and a wooden shaft with leather whipping.

A Journey to Great-Salt-Lake City (Volume One), written by Jules Remy, and Julius Brenchley, M.A. and published in 1861, documents travel around the United States. The book focuses on the religious Mormon movement but also documents interactions with Native American “Indian” tribes.

In a rare account, Remy documents interaction with a Native American tribe when travelling through Utah following the Humboldt River (Section: From Carson Valley to Haw’s Ranch, p.99). At the beginning of the chapter Remy suggests the pair interact with the Paiute and Shoshone tribes, and it is speculated that the tribe to attack Brenchley and Remy were Shoshone. It is clear the Indians who occupied this part of Utah were weary of unknown travellers but did not always advocate violence, as Remy observed, ‘Indians rarely attack except by surprise and when undercover.’  However, Remy remarked on a sense of hostility he felt.

Brenchley was shot in the neck by this very arrow and kept it as a souvenir. Even though the attacker successfully shot Brenchley, as Remy commented, the Indians were too far a distance to create an impact. Remy was also hit, but unhurt, by buckshot. The Shoshone did manage to hurt the mule the men used for transportation.

The stereotypical notion that Native Americans were savages has to be questioned here. This fire may have been for protection, warning the travellers to stay out of Indian Territory.