Artifacts

Halibut Hooks
ITEM: 751a, 789f
LOCATION:
AGE:
TRIBE:
DESCRIPTION:

Streams on the Queen Charlotte Island are too small for salmon, and so the Haida depended on halibut and cod for food. The Haida developed hooks such as these to fish Halibut, which are flat fish that feed close to the bottom of offshore banks. The U shaped hooks are made from wood and animal bone. The barb, described as “a marvel of practical design” (Holm, 1983, p.188), is made from animal bone that is secured with a band of split spruce root with a traditional winding pattern. Strips of octopus tentacle were tied to the base of the barb for bait.