|LOCATION:||Alaska, Arctic Culture Area|
|AGE:||1860 to 1869|
This is an example of animal bone/ivory carvings. The objects are detailed with traditional Inuit ink incising resembling animal like creatures. Charms would be used in various instances; some would be attached to hats as decorations.
Throughout the Historic Era, the period between 1770 and 1940, works of art and artefacts were collected by explorers, traders, whalers and missionaries. However, the functions of that specific object would change. Objects would go from being a traditional tool, amulet or toy, to a trade object. It can be argued that sacrificing spiritual objects to European traders in exchange for European objects caused the gradual loss of tribal identity and spiritual beliefs. Do you agree with this view?