Artifacts

Calumet Pipe Bowl
ITEM: 628
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This calumet pipe bowl would have been attached to a slender wooden stem that was sometimes very plain and simple, whilst others could be decorated with feathers, animal hair, quills, beads or carvings. The bowl itself is made of red pipestone, or catlinite. It is a fine-grained stone with a natural rich red colour that is easily shaped and comes... read more

Saddle
ITEM: 104
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This saddle is an adaptation of European horse riding gear. —- The beadwork and the interior border line especially indicate that this pad saddle was most likely made the Plains Ojibwa. Information with thanks to Frank Kodras

Snowshoes
ITEM: 757
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Snowshoes, made from spruce, birch/willow frames, with rims, crossbars and webbing. Used by both Arctic and Subarctic peoples the snowshoes were essential for hunting and travelling during the winter. The shape of the frame indicates the specific usage, and this shape is considered to be related to the Ojibwe or the Cree. The shoes were likely to be used when... read more