TRIBES

Ojibwe (Chippewa)
LOCATION: Western Great Lakes around Lake Superior.
POPULATION:
LANGUAGE: Algonquian
DESCRIPTION:

The Ojibwe, commonly known as Chippewa, were woodland peoples who generally remained living in one settlement, unless wildlife became scarce. Birch bark was utilised to make wigwams, canoes and containers. The Ojibwe were farmers who grew corn, beans, pumpkins, and squash. As well as this, they lived off wild rice that grew around the edges of lakes, streams, and swamps. Hunting provided vital meat resource.

With a history of being involved in wars, the Ojibwe fought to protect their tribal lands and consequently came to dominate much of present day Wisconsin, Minnesota, Michigan, North Dakota and southern Ontario. However, despite this history, much of their land was lost during the American Revolution after siding with the English who surrendered in 1815.

In modern times, it is estimated 64% of Native Americans live in the United States outside of reservations and tribal trust lands. Many have become urbanised like Ojibwe men Dennis Banks, George Mitchell and Clyde Bellecourt. Yet these men retain their Ojibwe roots by founding AIM, the American Indian Movement, in 1968.