TRIBES

Pawnee
LOCATION: The Pawnee Tribe were located in the Great Plains, specifically in the middle course of the Platte River in Southern Nebraska and Republican Fork of Kansas River in northern Kansas.
POPULATION: Population estimated at 10,000. The 1849 Cholera epidemic reduced population to 4,500.
LANGUAGE: Caddoan
DESCRIPTION:

Then name Pawnee derived from the native word pariki, meaning ‘a horn’ after the upright scalplock hairstyle associated with the tribe. The Pawnee Tribe consists of four bands: the Chaui “Grand”; the Kitkehahki, “Republican”; the Pitahawirata, “Tappage”; and Skidi, “Wolf”. Each tribe lived separately, and lived in earth lodges in permanent villages. The Pawnee were agricultural, harvesting crops such as maize. With the introduction of horses many would often travel to hunt buffalo and living┬átemporarily tepees.

By the 19th Century the Pawnee tribe were greatly affected by disease such as smallpox and cholera that was brought over by foreign explorers. By 1875 the Pawnee tribe were relocated from their homeland of Nebraska to reservations in Oklahoma where the majority, approximately 2,000, of the Pawnee Nation live today.