TRIBES

Wyandot (Huron)
LOCATION: Northeast area, however widespread. North and west of Lake Simcoe near Georgian Bay in Southern Ontario; Quebec; Michigan; Wisconsin; Ohio; Kansas; Oklahoma.
POPULATION: 18,000. Today populations estimate 5,000.
LANGUAGE: Wendat
DESCRIPTION:

The Wyandot Tribe are most commonly known as Huron; a term designated by the French meaning “wild boar”. The tribe is divided into various different clans.

The main subsistence for the tribe are crops, cultivating corn, beans, squash and sunflowers for food, and tobacco for smoking. Diets were also supplemented by hunting for fish and meat.  Housing consisted of bark longhouses and villages were guarded by surrounding built walls. The tribe lived in these permanent settlements, however, they would occasionally relocate when soil became depleted and wood, for building, cooking and heating, ran out.

Forced to relocate from their original home in Ontario, Canada, the Wyandot tribe settled in Kansas in the early 1840s. By the time Civil War broke out many members of the Wyandot eventually relocated to reservations in Oklahoma.

Today, there are different bands of Wyandot who are grouped under the Wednat Confederacy. There is the Wyandotte Nation who reside in Oklahoma which consists of around 1,200 members. Under Chief Leaford Bearskin the tribe experienced cultural renewal, gaining more members and the right to self govern. The Wyandot Nation of Kansas are dedicated to the preservation of tribal history and are currently petitioning for federal recognition. The other two bands of the Wyandot Confederacy are the Wyandot of Anderdon in Michigan, and the Huron-Wendat of Wendake in Quebec, Canada.